1983-1987 Bull Market
The 1983-1987 bull market started in August 1982 and lasted for five years with the market gaining around 240%. The bull market ended in August 1987.
Charts from stockcharts.com are used to analyze all of the market cycles that have occurred over the last ninety years. Analyzing the market cycles with charts gives stock investors a visual representation of how the stock market moves over time.
The S&P 500 index is the industry benchmark and is used to analyze the 1983-1987 bull market and all market cycles from 1957.
The S&P 500 index was introduced to the stock market in 1957 and the index included back tested data to 1925 based on the historical prices of the stocks that made up the index. This provided historical data for comparison with the Dow Industrial Average.
90 Year Market Chart
The following chart shows the 1983-1987 bull market on a 90-year chart with the S&P 500 index plotted as a bar chart with quarterly bars.
Chart 90yr: 1983-1987 Bull Market
As can be readily observed from the long-term 90-year market chart, the 1983-1987 bull market is just one of many bull markets that have occurred.
The 90-year market chart also shows an 80-quarters (20-year) simple moving average which has spent most of the last ninety years trending upwards. This shows that over the long-term the market has broadly continued higher as the moving average followed the S&P 500 index higher.
20-year Market Chart
The following chart shows the 1983-1987 bull market on a 20-year chart with the S&P 500 index plotted as a monthly bar chart.
Chart 20yr: 1983-1987 Bull Market
A 12-month simple moving average is also plotted on the 20-year market chart. The 12-month moving average is a useful indicator used in Technical Analysis for highlighting market cycles.
As the 20-year market chart shows, the 12-month moving average followed the 1983-1987 bull market higher. This bull market brought an end to the 1981-1982 bear market as the economy rebounded and the United States entered into one of the longest periods of sustained economic growth since World War 2. Also inflation had dropped to more manageable levels.
Most investors new to the stock market are under the impression that the stock market only moves in the direction of the current market cycle.
In reality, the stock market moves in cycles and alternates between bull markets (where stock prices broadly increase) and bear markets (where stock prices broadly decline).
Fortunately for investors, bull markets are usually longer than bear markets. This means that stock prices spend more time increasing in value than they do losing value.
Bull markets last anywhere from two years to around a decade, whereas bear markets are shorter and usually last a year or two and sometimes three.
6-year Market Chart
The 1983-1987 bull market is shown again with a shorter time-frame on a 6-year chart plotted as a weekly bar chart.
Chart 6yr: 1983-1987 Bull Market
The shorter time-frame provides more detail. As the chart shows, the 1983-1987 bull market started in August 1982 and lasted for five years.
The S&P 500 index gained around 240% and the bull market ended in August 1987 with the 1987 market crash.
Market Chart: Rallies and Pullbacks
The 1983-1987 bull market is shown again with a 6-year line chart and two moving average indicators.
Chart MA: 1983-1987 Bull Market
The above line chart for the S&P 500 index shows a 52-week (long-term) and a 12-week (short-term) simple moving average.
The 52-week moving average (purple line) broadly slopes upward following the bull market.
The 12-week moving average (orange line) broadly identifies the rallies and pullbacks that occurred.
The 1983-1987 bull market started in August 1982 (noted on the chart with the first RL - Relative Low) and the first leg rallied until September 1983 (the first RH - Relative High).
The S&P 500 index then went into a prolonged 10-month pullback that lasted until July 1984. Such a long pullback is more accurately referred to as a market correction. Also this prolonged pullback is too shallow to be considered a bear market as the loss was only 13%, whereas bear markets lose a minimum of 20%. This market phase is analyzed separately in 1984 market correction.
After the market correction ended in July 1984, the S&P 500 index resumed its bull market climb higher with a sequence of rallies and pullbacks until the market top was reached in Aug 1987.
The end to the bull market can to an abrupt halt with the 1987 market crash.